Above all, the two most significant christological titles for Luke are surely Lord (kyrios) and Christ (christos). The word ‘kyrios’ had a very wide range of meanings. Kyrios can be just a term of polite respect to a teacher (as… Read More ›
The consensus opinion of historians of the New Testament is that Luke was probably written around 80-85 AD. Like Matthew, Luke in chapters 1 and 2 of his gospel adds a birth narrative to Mark’s gospel. But as Professor James… Read More ›
Historians of the New Testament usually date Matthew’s gospel to around 80-85 AD. Like Mark, the work is anonymous. The anonymous author of ‘Matthew’ (the title The Gospel According to Matthew was added later in the second century) used Mark… Read More ›
The Church of Iceland’s new ‘woke’ ad welcoming people to Sunday School has sparked outrage after it featured a bearded Jesus Christ with breasts, makeup and a dress. The advert, which apparently shows Jesus shaking his ‘breasts’ while dancing under… Read More ›
Why did the Jews of Paul’s day reject the Christian claims about Jesus being the promised messiah? The answer is simple..
To make sense of early Jewish outrage over claims concerning the messiahship of Jesus, we need to cut though many centuries of Christian thinking, mountains of subsequent theological speculation, and masses of Christian “common sense” about how Jesus came as… Read More ›
Shock survey: most Americans are now closer to Islam than Christianity in their view of who Jesus really was.
I confess to being surprised by this survey. Perhaps the instinctive common sense of most people shines through. A man who allegedly cried out: “My God, My God, why hast thou forsaken me?” (Matt 27:46, Mark 15:34) is obviously not… Read More ›
Suppose Matthew and Paul had been brought together and instructed to produce a joint position paper on whether believers in Jesus were to follow the Jewish Law. Would they have been able to hammer out a consensus?
Early and Diverging Views of Christians and Jews. Divergent understandings of Judaism were found among Christians in the mid-second century. At one extreme were the Jewish-Christian adoptionists, who continued to worship the God of Israel as the one true God… Read More ›
Now we come to the supreme claim, ‘I and the Father are one,’ said Jesus (John 10:30). What did he mean? Is it absolute mystery, or can we understand at least a little of it? Are we driven to interpret… Read More ›
Paula Fredriksen is Professor of Scripture at Boston University and Distinguished Visiting Professor of Comparative Religion at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. In her latest work When Christians Were Jews: The First Generation Fredriksen writes: ‘The Paul of history stands… Read More ›
The Issue of Worship One of the key questions in the debate about the divinity of Jesus has been whether he is worshiped in a way that “principal agents” of God are not (see Hurtado, How on Earth Did Jesus… Read More ›
The Revd Canon Professor Richard Burridge is a Church of England priest, biblical scholar and the former Dean of King’s College London. He writes: ‘To modern eyes, it is almost inevitable that theologians of the early Church will appear to… Read More ›
Christ said, “Whatsoever ye shall ask the Father in my name, He will give it you”; this causes no difficulty if we take “Father” to mean God and if as Christ said the Father is “greater than the Son”. But… Read More ›