God is One – not a triune or compound deity

shemaGod is ONE, this is the core creed of Monotheism. This oneness of God as an aspect of His absolute nature, must be understood properly in order to worship HIM.

Maimonides[1] had laid out a principle to understand the Oneness of God based on the Hebrew Bible. The Oneness which is absolute and unique, a Oneness that knows no parallel:

The Oneness of God, (may He be blessed), which is to say that we believe that God, who is the cause of everything, is ONE.

and not like one of a pair
and not like one of a group
and not like one person that can be divided into many units
and not like a simple body which is numerically one [but] can be infinitely divided.

rather God, may He be blessed, is ONE in a oneness that has no unity like it.
and this is the second principle, [and] it is indicated by that which is stated:

“Hear O Israel, God is our Lord, God is One.”


Maimonides ruled out any possibility that the Hebrew adjective echad אחד actually means a “compound unity” like those trinitarian expositors who love to argue that the shema foreshadows a trinity. The oneness of God is independent of anything -thus rejecting the subtle influences of polytheism which could exist even in a monotheistic system – that is to say that the Almighty God could ever be involved in the act of begetting and coming down as man[2].

It is striking that the most important Hebrew creed, the Shema, remains preserved in the Qur’ān, in Sūrat al-ikhlāṣ:

Surah Al-Ikhlas.gif

1. Say (O Muhammad): “He is Allah, (the) One (Ahad).

2. Allah-us-Samad (The Self-Sufficient Master, Whom all creatures need, He neither eats nor drinks).

3. “He begets not, nor was He begotten;

4. “And there is none co-equal or comparable unto Him.”

It employs its Arabic homophonic noun Ahad أَحَد, instead of the more pertinent adjective واحد Wāhid [3].  Muslim scholars have long established that grammatically the word ahad conveys an uncountable oneness. It is not one in a series like wāhid. It is a singular, unique entity. It is referring specifically to God’s essence, which is absolutely singular and utterly unique in His attributes. No one is like Him in any way[4].

Thus the Qur’an clearly affirms and, at the same time, corrects two powerful earlier creeds, the Shema and the Nicene, and set itself as the ultimate universal monotheistic creed [5].


  1. Maimonides is also known an as Rabbi Moshe ben Maimon (Ar: موسى بن ميمون‎‎ Mūsā bin Maymūn) or Rambam(1137 – 1204 CE). He was considered the greatest intellectual and spiritual figure of post-Talmudic Judaism. He wrote authoritative works of philosophy, Halacha, commentary, and responsa. His works were all foundational in their field. He was the first to produce a comprehensive commentary on the entire Mishnah. All of his works were written in Judeo-Arabic except for Mishnah Torah, which was written in Hebrew.  He and his descendants served as Negidim (leaders) of Egyptian Jews for five generations.
  2. Nicene creed: “And in one Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of God, begotten of the Father [the only-begotten; that is, of the essence of the Father, God of God,] Light of Light, very God of very God, begotten, not made, being of one substance with the Father”; …”Who for us men, and for our salvation, came down and was incarnate and was made man“.
  3. Allah’s name al-Wāhid (the One) appears in twenty-two verses of the Qur’ān. The name al-Ahad appears only once, in the 112th chapter of the Qur’an: al-Ikhlās.
  4. There is nothing like unto Him, and He is the Seeing, the Hearing.” [Sūrah al-Shūrā: 11]
  5. Angelika Neuwirth, Two Faces of the Qur’ān: Qur’ān and Muṣḥaf, Oral Tradition, 25/1 (2010): p. 151-153.
    Verse 3—”He did not beget nor is he begotten”; lam yalid wa-lam yūlad—is a reverse echo of the Nicene creed; it rejects the emphatic affirmation of Christ’s sonship—begotten, not made; gennêthenta, ou poiêthenta—by a no less emphatic double negation. A negative theology is established through the inversion of a locally familiar religious text. This negative theology is summed up in verse 4—“And there is none like Him”; wa-lam yakun lahu kufuwan aḥad. The verse that introduces a Qur’ānic hapax legomenon, kufuwun, “equal in rank,” to render the core concept of homoousios, not only inverts the Nicene formula of Christ’s being of one substance with God—homoousios to patri—but also forbids thinking of any being as equal in substance with God, let alone a son.


Another reblogged post by Blogging Theology author Eric bin Kisam

Categories: Arabic, Bible, Biblical Hebrew, Catholic, Christianity, Christology, Creeds, Eric bin Kisam, God, Islam, Jesus, Judaism, Qur'an, Tanakh, The Roman Catholic Church, Trinity

21 replies

  1. 1. Monotheism refers to the “worshipers of the one God and of Him alone.” (see the first paragraph)

    2. Deuteronomy 6:4
    Judaism 101: The Shema can also be translated as “The L-rd is our G-d, The L-rd alone,” meaning that no other is our G-d, and we should not pray to any other.

    The fact that the Lord Jesus is the proper recipient of prayer demonstrates that He is God. Thus in their worship of the Lord Jesus Trinitarians are monotheists.

    • fallacious nonsense

    • “The fact that the Lord Jesus is the proper recipient of prayer demonstrates that He is God.”

      that would mean you worship two, not one. you are a pagan.

      • Pagans worshiped gods, but Christians worship God. Big difference.

      • no , u worship TWO. Stop lying and stop paying lip service to one. We know ur one is two. U know this. two differing ones. dont lie. polytheists believe that the one is really many, their ONES have the same ingredients/nature.

        you worship

        god the f
        god the s

        And god the h

        Three ones, not one

        three role players. three. three and one. but your one is not THREE AND ONE….your one is THREE hahah

      • christians worship

        X and y and z

        christians worship three

        stop your lies

      • Another mindless ramble that ignored my original post. This is not the site for me. I thought it was going to be a little more intellectually and spiritually challenging than your so-called responses above.

        – bye-

    • The doctrine of the Trinity by its very name ”TRINITY” contradicts the first part of the term ”MONOTHEISM”. The scientific definition of MONO means a prefix that means “one, only, single,” as in monochromatic, having only one color. TRINITY (Latin: Trinitas, lit. ‘triad’, from Latin: trinus “threefold”). THREE IS NOT THE SAME AS ONE.


      1 IS NOT EQUAL TO 3.

      JESUS IS 100% GOD

      FATHER IS 100% GOD

      SPIRIT IS 100% GOD

      This is 3 GODS. Why? 100% +100% +100%= 300%

      • “You shall not make for yourself an image in the form of anything in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the waters below.” ◄ Deuteronomy 5:8 ►

        This verse means that any image must not be made a god to be worshiped. It is a general verse encapsulating all things. Jesus can not be worshiped in any capacity due to him being an image.

        ”God is not human, that he should lie, not a human being, that he should change his mind. Does he speak and then not act? Does he promise and not fulfill?” Numbers 23:19

        Jesus was 100% a man, as accepted by Trinitarians. Therefore Jesus can not be God.

        We have clear verses like the above and the Deuteronomy 6:4 explaining God being ONE.

        But nothing says in the Torah : ”JESUS THE SON OF MARY IS GOD AND SO IS THE SPIRIT AND THE FATHER, ALL THREE AS ONE”. Nothing in the whole Bible says this with the clarity it says that God is One. Why? Because Jesus not God and never claimed to be.

        Even if Jesus claimed to be God, the Jews had every right to reject him based on the revelation they received. If God wanted the TRINITY to be known he should have written the TRINITY IS TRUE ON EVERY PAGE OF THE BIBLE, BUT HE DID NOT.

      • I think I’m about to cry guys after YEARS of beating this point home in a variety of ways people are starting to get it:


        I’m just so proud right now…

    • You’re Quran says that the people of the book has one God. Christians have been trinitarian before the 7th century. If you’re correct, you’re Quran contradict you.

      But it gets even better this argument can turn against Muhammad. Since once upon a time he was a pagan. “Have ye thought upon Al-Lat and Al-‘Uzza And Manat, the third, the other? S53-19:20

      • “You’re [sic] Quran says that the people of the book has [sic] one God. Christians have been trinitarian before the 7th century. If you’re correct, you’re [sic] Quran contradict [sic] you.”

        Where does the Qur’an actually say that?

      • You did not write anything about your prophet regarding the 3 Goddess. Based on the comment above, Muhammad was a pagan.

        “..and what has been sent down to you; our God and your God is One, and to Him we have surrendered.’ Q29:46

        It also says not to argue with the people of the book.

      • “It also says not to argue with the people of the book.”

        No it doesnt. Your misquotes are getting out of hand mate

      • I guess I won’t get an answer by you regarding the 3 Goddess.

        Dispute not with the People of the Book save in the fairer manner, except for those of them that do wrong; and say, ‘We believe in what has been sent down to us, and what has been sent down to you; our God and your God is One, and to Him we have surrendered.’ Q. 29:46

      • Thanks for the full quote which says the *opposite* of your claim.

      • We tell you we have one God. Allah says Christians have one God. Christians were Trinitarian before the 7th century. Allah tells you not to argue with the Christians. So stop arguing we have 3 gods. At least try not to disobey Allah when fasting.

        Was Muhammad a pagan when he mentioned those 3 goddesses? You have no answer Paul Williams.

      • Again, you deliberately misquote the passage even after I corrected you. This suggests you are just a troll and thus not to be taken seriously.

        Go and play somewhere else Troll. This blog is for grownups.

  2. In your response you left out the reason/s why your assertion ought to be believed.
    Please try again.

  3. Can you, for reference, check the Nicene Creed passage against the Greek?
    When I was a churchgoer we went for the modern catholic “we believe in one Lord Jesus Christ, the only begotten Son of God, Lord of the Father for all ages”. Would like to see the interesting comparison between the RC and EO versions. Thanks.

  4. Trinity / Godhead = White
    Father = Red
    Jesus = Green
    Holy Spirit = Blue

    100%Red+100%Green+100%Blue = White

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